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zondag 26 november 2017

Anarchic update news all over the world - 26.11.2017

Today's Topics:


1.  Desolation text which claims to be re-embraced by dirty
      horse APO (gr) [machine translation] (

2.  Australia, melb acg: The Anvil, Vol 6 No 2 - CAPITALISM IS
      KILLING OUR WORLD by ablokeimet, This article was first published
      in Sep-Oct 2017. (

3.  Turkey, DAF Meydan #41 - Interview with Anarchist Union CNT
      on Catalonia Referandum (tr) [machine translation]

4.  Coordination des Groupes Anarchistes cga-lyon: Against male
      violence, feminist solidarity! (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

5.  Turkey, senin medyan: Performed in 26A Workshop on Youth
      Struggle and Anarchism Panel (tr) [machine translation]

6.  [South Korea]"Anarchist of the Colony", film based on the
      life of the anarchist Park Yeol, By Daniela Joo - ANA (ca, pt)
      [machine translation] (


Message: 1

On September 18, 2017, at the end of my shift, I was suddenly dismissed by my employer at 
Aromalab in Oreokastro, Thessaloniki. It was a great surprise to me when I was informed 
that I was being fired, not because I was not good at my job - and it became clear to me 
that the company is very pleased with my services - but because I am reluctant, 
unresponsive and overwhelming. I was reluctant to say that when I was asked to work 
together with the other employees to clean the common areas of the company (toilets, 
kitchens, employers' offices etc) it turned out that I did it but I did not do it with joy 
(!) And therefore willingness. Disobedient, as I dared to challenge - even though I did as 
I was asked - the constant demand of the boss for cleanliness, arguing that this does not 
arise from our contracts and is not our responsibility. At the very moment my contract 
hired me as an office worker while in fact I was working as a chemist undertaking a series 
of tasks that did not correspond to the status I was employed in. Respectful, as I do not 
respect my boss because of security cameras that record all employees with image and sound 
(!) - as my boss proudly informed me as he dismissed me,

The "judgment trial" on the ground that accompanied my dismissal and included "do not know 
how it is, you have no experience", "you will not find a job elsewhere", "you do not go 
out, you are not entitled to damages," as well as past press arguments "Do not count your 
papers here, they do not mean anything," I think they were more than enough to offend my 
dignity as a worker but also as a man, since they were aiming at spreading my personality 
and morality and on the other propagating and yes also impose on this company the logic of 
the working middle-age that dominates the workplace.

 From the very next day I denounced my vengeance and abusive dismissal in the labor 
inspection. It was obvious, of course, that the Labor Inspectorate, as a state service, 
could not but remain faithful to the plans of the state and the bosses that brighten the 
lives of the largest part of society daily. So, the employee who recorded the complaint 
took care of a number of arguments, "since it was because you did not give up", "when you 
came up with limits on how to work, you are still a young lady," "you do not think you 
will win anything, "I'm mother and I, I would not be proud if my daughter did that", 
discourage me from proceeding with the complaint,

With the announcement of my complaint to the employer, the employers immediately worried 
about the fact that the issue of redundancy re-established, resulting in a change in her 
placement, presenting it altogether differently as it was when the actual events did not 
appear before the inspection, the appointment which took place on 20/11. Thus, the 
employers have argued and supported that I was dismissed for reasons of efficiency, lack 
of teamwork, cooperation and due diligence. While when asked about whether there is even a 
worker in the cleaning sector, he has come to claim that he is a family business whose 
members also care for the cleanliness of their premises, simply indicating to the 
employees that they keep these space clean after every use!

Over the last 6 years and amid a continuous series of loan contracts and memoranda, state 
and capitalist barbarity attempts to break up what we have until now considered labor 
rights and achievements, dissolving the lives of workers, the unemployed, and the peoples 
of the world. The rapid rise in unemployment, the abolition of eight hours, collective 
labor agreements, degrading wage and pension cuts, and the simultaneous increase in taxes, 
are only a small sample of the relentless assault by the bosses at the expense of the 
working class. Under the guise of the financial crisis, since the escalation of the attack 
we are experiencing today is steadily steered by the state governors over the last 20 years,

Employees must be convinced, willing to do everything they can to find or lose their jobs, 
not to talk to their colleagues, but to compete with them, to make more work, to pay with 
hunger wages, to work with exhausting hours, sacrifice themselves in the workers' quarters 
at the altar of profit, become tires and multipurpose tools in the hands of employers, 
fear to defend themselves and claim their rights because they will be fired, ythoun 
depending on the appetites of every employer and above all accept that this is how things 
are in the world we live in.

For my part, I could only say that if this is the world then it will have to change. How 
do workers have rights and no one can dismiss us because we demand them. How am I 
reluctant not to cleanse but to define what I am and what I am not my bosses. How do I 
question the right of employers to dismiss unnecessarily and ask for everything. How do I 
denounce the avenging attitude of the company on my face that misused my dismissal? How is 
it a matter of dignity and self-evidently to resist all of us, whether or not workers, to 
anyone who wants to be a cannibal in our lives. How, ultimately, the only way to live like 
slaves is we the under-the-world organized,

I am asking for my immediate resumption with the actual contract of employment that 
corresponds to me as a chemical.

Kyriaki Vlachou, 21-11-2017


Message: 2

The single biggest environmental challenge now facing humanity is climate change, but the 
capitalist system is proving unequal to the task. To be safe, global mean temperature can 
rise no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius. Pledges made at the Paris COP21 Conference in 2015 
are vastly inadequate. Meanwhile, Donald Trump has pulled the US out of the Paris 
Agreement and, here in Australia, the Government is proposing action which will fall a 
long way short of the pathetically insufficient promises it made in Paris. ---- At the 
rate things are going, actions to mitigate climate change will be too little, too late, 
leading to dangerous climate change. Triggering of feedback cycles concerning the 
permafrost and other large carbon sinks could cause catastrophic levels of damage - even 
jeopardising the survival of civilisation. Capitalist governments, even when faced with 
evidence of oncoming disaster, take the least action they can get away with. They are part 
of the problem, not the solution.

The science exists to decarbonise the activities of the human race, but capitalism is in 
the road. We need a massive working class movement to save the environment on which we 
depend for survival and institute an emergency program of transition to 100% renewable 
energy, sustainable transport systems, sustainable agriculture and decarbonised industry. 
To get there, we need that working class movement to get rid of capitalism.

In building our movement, we will face obstacles. Opposition from the fossil fuel 
corporations and their political representatives in the capitalist parties is a given. We 
will also, though, face opposition from within the labour movement. Union officials, 
especially those controlling unions that cover workers in unsustainable industries, will 
attempt to mobilise their members to support bosses in their industry in the name of 
"defending jobs". This short-sighted strategy is a road to disaster.

The way out of the trap of defending unsustainable jobs is to start from the principle of 
a Just Transition. Our movement needs to demand that all jobs be sustainable and that no 
community gets discarded by capitalism. In the course of the struggle for our demands, it 
will become obvious to all that the entire capitalist system is unsustainable and that the 
only Just Transition is a workers' revolution.



Message: 3

We have interviewed CNT Foreign Relations Secratary Miguel Perez about CNT's general 
strike, oppression, attacks and political developments following the Catalonia Referandum. 
---- - What does Puigdemont's last speech mean? Everyone was expecting more radical 
speech, especially afterwards the police attack to the Catalan people during the 
referandum process. Is this a part of strategy? ---- As you know, the situation changes in 
Catalonia by the hour. It's very difficult to keep pace with events, even for comrades on 
the ground. So, by the time this interview goes to press, I'm sure any answer will be 
outdated!. ---- However, yes, Puigdemont gave a speech, kind of declaring independence but 
putting it immediately on hold, to allow for "negotiations". To be honest, it wasn't clear 
to anyone what he meant and, in any case, the prospect of the central government engaging 
in meaningful negotiations was non-existent. To all regards, his was an attempt to buy 
time, though it obviously led to nowhere. So, I don't think it was part of a strategy, but 
rather a tacit recognition of his lack of choices.
On the one hand, the Catalan government has no way to enforce a single sided declaration 
of independence. This would immediately prompt the central government to suspend the local 
parliament (which is very likely to happen as of tomorrow, 28-10-2017, anyway) and use the 
police or the army to crack down on the independentist movement. But any declaration of 
independence is always going to be single sided, as the central government is NEVER going 
to agree to that.
On the other hand, he's in a government coalition with some leftist hardcore 
independentist parties, which are pushing for that declaration to happen and threaten to 
withdraw their support and bring down the local government otherwise. There's also a lot 
of people (tens of thousands) all the time in the streets, in rallies and demonstrations, 
demanding independence, adding pressure on Puigdemont and his government, calling them 
traitors (with reason).
He's the prototypical right-wing moderate nationalist politician, who stirs up people's 
mobilisation to serve his own ends and interests, and then finds himself trapped by that 
same mobilisation. I bet he now just wants to hide in a dark place and cuddle!
But the solution is at hand. The central government is about to step in with even more 
repression, which will allow Puigdemont to say that he tried hard to have a negotiated 
solution, but to no avail.
What will happen after this weekend is anyone's guess, but it doesn't look well.

- Before the referandum, we have witnessed many protest for the independence of Catalonia. 
What about the counter-protests of nationalists? Who had organised these protests? Did 
Catalan people really join these marches? What is the affect of these protests?

There's always been a large part of the Catalan people who wanted independence, but this 
has by no means been unanimous. Even within nationalists, not all of them wanted 
independence. For instance, Puigdemont's party, which has been ruling Catalonia on and off 
for the last 40 years, never had any declared independentist aims. It was rather 
comfortable making dealings with the Madrid government to achieve other goals within the 
framework of the Spanish constitution and regime. So, yeah, it's likely many Catalans do 
not support independence, though it's clear the vast majority do, by now. Even if they 
didn't before the 1st of October, police repression may have done a great deal to convince 
them of the need to break away from Spain!
The main problem is in the rest of Spain. The country's unity has long been a rallying 
banner for the far right, and we are already seeing many people leaning more to the right 
as a reaction to the Catalan drive for independence. This can give new breath to fascist 
groups, which were until now fairly small (though far too big to my liking!). They are 
already staging rallies and demonstrations of their own, or taking part in larger rallies 
for Spain's unity, where they're been worryingly well received by those attending.
This drive to the (far) right is in consonance with the calls for more repression that 
many "democratic" forces are issuing these days, which does not fare well for any 
dissidence. It's a truly worrying perspective.
Giving the developments in Turkey over the last few years, I'm sure you can relate to the 
threat we're facing here, even when there also are, no doubt, huge differences.

- How does CNT's perspective on Catalonia Referandum? As anarchists, how do we understand 
the position of Catalonia; as freedom of the people or as a declaration of a new state?

In any situation of social upheaval and mobilisation, like the one going on in Catalonia 
at the moment, there are always many agendas at play. Right now, for most people on the 
street, the main issue is creating a new independent state. There's no hiding it. It's a 
purely nationalist agenda.
But by mobilising hundreds of thousands of people, getting them to organise meetings in 
their neighbourhoods, attend rallies, etc., other issues are coming to the fore, as well. 
For example, it's OK to complain about police violence on referendum day, but most 
activists don't forget that the Catalan leaders of today ordered a similar repression 
against the Indignados movement in 2011. So by no means nationalist leaders keep a tight 
control on the people, once you get them out on the streets. There's a constant tension 
between strictly nationalist aims and other social and economic issues creeping forward, 
that is mostly regulated by events on the ground.
We, in CNT, see this as a chance to put our message across, encourage people to organise 
by themselves and go beyond strictly nationalist issues. Our position, as stated in our 
congress agreements, renewed in December 2015, is that we stand for people's 
self-determination across the whole world (obviously, in Catalonia too). But we understand 
self-determination not as state building, but as self-management, that is, it must include 
issues like workers control of production and consumption, a direct democracy from the 
bottom up in a confederation, etc. On that respect, we're neither concerned nor worried by 
the creation of a new state, but our concern is to advance the cause for self-management 
of the working class.
I know it's a fine line we have to walk here. We're trying to avoid playing into the hands 
of nationalist politicians, while being out in the streets with the people, for instance, 
against repression, and putting our message across. We've been criticised for it and there 
has been (and is) a lot of debate within our ranks about how to best do it. It's only 
normal that at difficult times we hesitate on the way forward. I'm confident that CNT's 
internal mechanisms for debate and collective decision making will allow us to steer the 
best course we can think of.
But consider this: there have been hundreds of events (demonstrations, rallies, the 
referendum itself...) to support independence, and CNT has neither called to take part in 
them nor supported them in any way. Instead, our comrades have been extremely active on 
the ground (where we have the means, which are far less that we would like or need), 
addressing meetings, talking at rallies, putting out leaflets and posters, explaining our 
point of view and stressing the need to go beyond just a demand for independence. I don't 
think anyone can say we have just given in to the nationalists!

- We know the attraction of anarchist movement on Catalan independence movement in 
history. How is the situation now, what is the affect of anarchist movement in Catalonia now?

The anarchist and libertarian movement has, by no means, the influence and presence that 
it once had in Catalonia. Back in the days, when nationalist politicians wanted to stir 
the people into action to support their aims (as they are doing now), they had to go 
through the anarchists and the CNT, who might decide to support them or not. It made sense 
then to discuss the relationship between anarchism and nationalism on practical terms and 
in particular situations.
Large as it can be, when compared to other parts of the world, the anarchist movement in 
Catalonia is much smaller than it was in the 1930s and its ability to determine events is 
negligible. Same with the CNT. Saying otherwise would be fanciful. The best we can hope 
for is to influence matters, when there are large mobilisations, putting our message 
across. This we are trying to do, as explained.
In this context, having arguments about whether one libertarian organisation's positions 
are playing into the hands of the nationalists is wishful thinking. Nationalists are going 
to play their hand anyway, because they don't need us to get the people out in the streets 
anymore. Once they have put the wheels in motion, all we can do is trying to put our 
message across and take matters beyond their intended original goals. Which is no small 
task, considering our means, by the way. We can either do that, or stay away altogether 
and watch events unfold passively. This is the only real option. As a revolutionary 
organisation, CNT has decided not to shy away from the challenge.
All that said, my understanding is that there are different attitudes towards independence 
among the anarchists. While groups like Embat share a similar analysis to ours (with 
countless differences, no doubt), others have taken a decided anarcho-nationalist position 
and support independence outright. The fact is that we have found common ground with some 
anarchist organisations, to the extent that they featured in our call for the general 
strike in Catalonia on the 3rd of October and in our joint propaganda.

- As CNT, you have organised a general strike for supporting the Catalan people against 
the fascist reactions. Did the strike reach its aim in Catalonia and Spain?

The strike was only to take place in Catalonia on the 3rd of October, while many other 
solidarity rallies were called for, across Spain, for that evening. It was organised 
together with many other smaller unions, some closer to the nationalists, some more 
libertarian-leaning, so it was a joint initiative.
In the days leading to the independence referendum on the 1st of October, the central 
government had been building up a massive police presence across Catalonia to stop it from 
happening. As was anticipated, the repression on the day was widespread. Many of us could 
tell in advance that this would in turn lead to more protests and a period of civil 
disobedience, which was indeed the case. As such, it was only natural for us to call for a 
general strike, as the tool of choice for the unions and the working class in general, to 
protest, but also to disrupt police operations.
The shared perception is that the strike was a success. Many people stopped working for 
the day and tens of thousands joined the different rallies. In many towns, pickets blocked 
the roads to prevent police reinforcements from getting in or from moving around, getting 
supplies, etc.
As for CNT, we would have liked to be able to do more and have a larger presence across 
Catalonia. While some unions, that have a strong local presence, were incredibly active 
and successful, others were not so much, as their numbers are smaller, they are less 
active, or both. But altogether it was well worth it. Having CNT pickets in towns with 
banners reading "for liberties and rights! Bring down the regime!", or comrades addressing 
thousands strong rallies with our distinctive message can only be viewed as positive.
One thing worth mentioning, is that this was the first time in some 40 years, that a 
general strike was organised by alternative unions, without the two mainstream business 
unions being involved. That's a change of paradigm for you, right there. On this respect, 
it was a resounding success.
I also have to mention the solidarity that many comrades across the globe have shown, 
organising pickets or rallies in Spanish embassies, putting up our statements, etc. As you 
might know, CNT is in the process of creating a new international, together with our 
sister organisations, FAU, USI, FORA, IWW, etc. This has already strengthened our ties 
(and it shows, there were more than 50 events on the 3rd across the globe!), while many 
other organisations, including DAF, have expressed their solidarity in many different 
ways. We can't be thankful enough to all of you.

- Another referandum had occured in Basur(South) Kurdistan. And Iraq is getting control of 
the cities of Kurdistan one by one. Turkey and Iran are also supporting this situation. 
How do we understand all of these events, if we want to read the Kurdistan and Catalonia 
referandum together? Is it something like a wave in whole world?

Yes, and there was also a referendum in Scotland which might be repeated soon after the 
vote on Brexit!
Has the dead bell for the nation state been told? I'm afraid not. If you look at these 
events, they aim at creating new states, as is the case in Basur. Barzani's project for an 
independent oligarchic petrol state is similar in many ways to the Catalan leaders' idea 
of statehood. Different flag and language, same old structures and economy. Maybe there's 
a global trend towards breaking lager states into smaller ones, I don't know, but this 
wouldn't necessarily be a positive development.
Some anarchists argue for independence saying that the smaller the state, the easier it is 
to fight against it. Sure! That's why San Marino and Monaco (or the Vatican City, for that 
matter) are long stablished libertarian communist societies. Jokes aside, it's difficult 
to see how smaller states that are the outcome of a long communal struggle for 
independence are going to be less homogeneous and easier to crack than larger colonialist 
centralised ones.
Instead, what I find extremely compelling are the examples of society building from below 
that we have in Rojava and many other Kurdish communities. Specially since, in accordance 
with democratic confederalism, they do away with the notion of the nation state. I think 
these examples provide a clue to the whole situation and are an inspiration to all.
Because what we see globally is a breaking down of the tacit pact that has kept 
"democratic" societies going on for decades. As the economic crisis ravaged many societies 
across the world, from 2007 onwards, and it became obvious that the elites (political and 
economic, this including business unions) could no longer guarantee the expected level of 
income to the working class, waves of unrest swept across the world. In some places, this 
meant the rise of xenophobic fascist politicians, in some others, massive protest 
movements. Mix this with countless local factors and some years later you have certain 
local elites at the forefront if independentist movements.
Is this another case of "change everything, so everything stays the same"? I don't know, 
it doesn't really matter. What matters is if this energy can be harnessed towards deep 
revolutionary change, beyond the original plans of the politicians.
We can only find the answer to this question by pushing in that direction.

Thanks for the answers. We salute the struggle of CNT.

Thank you to Meydan Newspaper for letting us explain our views.

This interview was published in the 41. volume of Meydan Newspaper


Message: 4

On November 25, the day of struggle against male violence is held to denounce the daily 
violence perpetrated by men on women. ---- On November 20th Transgender Day of Remembrance 
is held to commemorate the murdered trans people. ---- If these two days are often 
presented in a completely disjointed way, it seems to us that they come together a lot. 
Both originate from the murder of women: Patria, Minerva and María Teresa Mirabal, 
murdered on 25 November 1960 by the dictator of the Dominican Republic Rafael Trujillo, 
for the day against male violence; Rita Hester, murdered November 28, 1998, and whose 
murderer remains unknown, for the day of the trans souvenir. The vast majority of murdered 
trans people are women, most of whom are racialized, and almost all murderers are men; and 
if the transphobic component is obviously present in these murders, they also have a 
misogynistic character. In the same way, if male violence affects all women,

Indeed, male violence is not the work of a few violent individuals, but a way to maintain 
patriarchy, that is to say the domination of men over women. Lesbophobia, biphobia and 
transphobia are not separable from patriarchy, but form an integral part of it. They serve 
to bring in rank or eliminate women who do not follow the patriarchal model. It assigns 
individuals to a gender according to their sex of birth and establish heterosexuality as a 
norm. In this model, lesbians and trans women can only be considered as fantasies for 
heterosexual men, or as monsters to eliminate or "correct" because they are not "real women".

Male violence is not free or blind, but serves to maintain the exploitation of women by 
men: domestic work (where household chores, child-rearing, emotional work, etc., are 
mostly for women), appropriation of women's bodies by men (rape, sexual assault, sex 
injunctions, etc.), pay gaps and precarious employment.
The violence of men against women is everywhere: at home, in the street, at work, in 
transport, at school, at the doctor's, etc. These killings kill on a daily basis, but 
these murders are presented as "news stories" or "family dramas" rather than as a systemic 
mechanism. Patriarchal police and justice cover this violence: when women complain, they 
are often ridiculed, questioned, judged about their behavior or their clothes, and most of 
the time the procedures against the attackers do not succeed. Conversely, when women 
defend themselves, they are sometimes condemned for not being allowed to do so. And when 
police officers attack their partner or ex-companion with their service weapon,

In the face of male violence and patriarchy, it is urgent to develop feminist 
solidarities. Feminist solidarities that include all women, and take into account the 
other oppressions they suffer, be it capitalism, lesbophobia, transphobia, racism, 
anti-Semitism, Islamophobia, validism, the work of the sex / prostitution, etc. Feminist 
solidarities to regain power over our lives and our bodies, to gain confidence in us, to 
learn to say no, to defend ourselves, and to fight to build together a world without 

Yes, but it's getting worse in the sleeve, the bad days will end

And beware of revenge when all the women will get there!

We invite you to participate in the non-mixed feminist event on November 24 in Lyon (7 pm 
- Terreaux), followed by a rally in mixed race .


Message: 5

There are various transfers every month in the 26a Workshop, which was organized by the 
Anarchist Youth with the "Youth Struggle and Anarchism" panel, the first event of the 
Unemployed Week. ---- Ilyas Seyrek and Ece Uzun from the Anarchist Youth made a speech at 
the panel consisting of two parts. In the first part of the panel Elijah Seyrek talked 
about the history of the youth struggle in the liberation movements and the role of 
anarchist organizations in this history whereas in the second part Ece Uzun talked about 
the anti-education, the establishment, function and the daily effect of the YÖK about the 
anarchist youth's youth struggle. ---- There are two other events organized by the High 
School Anarchist Activity within the Untrained Week. ---- 25 November Saturday 16:00 - 
Untrained Weekend II - High School Anarchist Activity


26 November Sunday 16:00 - Untrained Weekend III - Film Screening
Dıe Welle (Wave)

26a Workshop: Tel Street No. 26/1 26A Top floor of the cafe Taksim / Istanbul


Message: 6

Movie: "Anarchist from Colony" ---- Director: Lee Joon Ik ---- Cast: Lee Je Hun, Choi Hee 
Seo, Im In Wu ---- Plot Keywords: ---- Duration: 129 minutes ---- Country: South Korea 
---- World Release Date: June 28, 2017 ---- Trailer: ---- Argument ---- Year 1923. Park Yeol forms 
a clandestine organization in Tokyo to fight for Korea's independence. At the moment, 
falls in love with Kaneko Fumiko, a woman who, still being Japanese, saw the injustices 
committed by her country and advocated for the freedom of the Koreans. Then there is the 
great Kanto earthquake in Japan, where more than 6,000 Koreans live in that country in a 
massacre triggered by an unfounded rumor that the Koreans have mixed poison in the water. 
To cover up the massacre, the Japanese government puts up a theater announcing that there 
was a conspiracy to assassinate the Japanese emperor and says it was planned by Park Yeol. 
What the authorities in Tokyo did not imagine, however, is that the conduct of Park Yeol 
and his then wife Kaneko Fumiko, who makes the false confession that they plotted the 
conspiracy and accepted the prison sentence without protest. But for what? For to deride 
the Japanese imperialist court and to leave in their official historical records their 
convictions as anarchists ...


"This film is based on a true story, as well as on the evidence that relates and testifies 
to this story, and all the characters are also real." On the large, unenlightened screen, 
this phrase appears, defining the character of the film projecting itself: the "Anarchist 
of the Colony" by director Lee Joon Ik.

The main character of the film is Park Yeol, a man who during the period of Japanese 
colonial rule over Korea went to Japan and joined the anarchist movement. And about this 
personality, which was a milestone in the history shared by Korea and Japan, the director 
Lee Joon Ik studied a lot. Not only it. So did her research, the cast, and even the 
production team, to portray this character best, the woman who was her best friend and 
lifemate, as well as in her struggle, and the time when this couple lived. The characters 
who prefer to approach director Lee Joon Ik in their works are the rebels who clash 
against absolute power. So was Jangsaeng from the movie "The King's Man" and also Prince 
Sado from the movie "Sado." However, Park Yeol captivated him 20 years ago and during two 
decades the filmmaker worked on the project to shoot a film about this personality. 
However, the public can not help feeling stunned by the feature film. It is that the 
"Anarchist of the Colony" clearly distances itself from other cinematographic productions 
that settle in the colonial era and reflect these times putting Japan like evil oppressor 
and Korea like poor oppressed. But this has to do with the central character of this tape: 
Park Yeol, who was not so much an independentist, but an anarchist. It is that the 
"Anarchist of the Colony" clearly distances itself from other cinematographic productions 
that settle in the colonial era and reflect these times putting Japan like evil oppressor 
and Korea like poor oppressed. But this has to do with the central character of this tape: 
Park Yeol, who was not so much an independentist, but an anarchist. It is that the 
"Anarchist of the Colony" clearly distances itself from other cinematographic productions 
that settle in the colonial era and reflect these times putting Japan like evil oppressor 
and Korea like poor oppressed. But this has to do with the central character of this tape: 
Park Yeol, who was not so much an independentist, but an anarchist.

The film "Dongju: The Portrait of a Poet" by director Lee Joon Ik - about the poet Yoon 
Dong Ju, who with his pen rebelled against the Japanese and fought for the independence of 
Korea - is a film that gives wings to the imagination of the public . The "Anarchist of 
the Colony", for its part, is full of passion from beginning to end. The film focuses 
almost entirely on representing the story of Park Yeol and Fumiko Kaneko in the best way, 
while showing the audacity and the righteousness of this couple.

In fact, Park Yeol, although he hates the political leaders of Japan, feels sympathy for 
the Japanese people. And the story of the feature film "Anarchist of the Colony" develops, 
exposing that what makes Park Yeol is not to practice activities for the independence of 
the motherland, but to annul Japanese imperialism. In an interview, director Lee Joon Ik 
said that looking at the colonial era from a single point of view is not recommended, but 
that a lot of people do it because they want to believe in the one-dimensional framework 
that places Japan on the bad side and Korea in the good , and because he thinks that in 
this context everything can be portrayed with much more drama. He wonders if all the 
Japanese who lived through this era were evil and emphasizes that to correct the story, it 
is necessary to accept the truth as it is.

Nevertheless, something that confuses the spectator is the conversion of Park Yeol of an 
anarchist and hardened rebel into a nationalistic independentista, that has been seen 
repeatedly in many other films on the colonial period. Director Lee Joon Ik anticipated 
that everything that appears or is told in the film is based on official historical 
evidence and said, such a conversion may have been real in Park Yeol's life as well. 
Still, the change may seem too artificial or dramatic. But will this factor make the work 
more convincing? Each viewer will have a different response to whether the historical 
facts plus the filmmaker's intention to present the story of the anarchist Park Yeol with 
more drama and passion, have damaged or improved the texture of the film.


Translation> Sol de Abril